A sentence of being remanded to a Youth Residential Centre or Youth Training Centre is possible for all offenders under the age of 21. The Youth Residential Centre is specifically available to younger offenders whose offences are heard by the Children’s Courts.

Although charges against an individual can only be heard in a Children’s Court if they are under the age of 18, an offender older than 18 but younger than 21 can still be sentenced to a Youth Training Centre. This is because a young offender is recognized by the Sentencing Act as a person under the age of 21 and thus rehabilitation is an important consideration.

The functions of Youth Residential Centres and Youth Training Centres are primarily centered on rehabilitating young offenders.